Czestochowa is a city in southern Poland on the Warta River. It has been situated in the Silesian Voivodeship (administrative division) since 1999, and was previously the capital of the Czestochowa Voivodeship (1975–1998). However, Czestochowa is historically part of Lesser Poland, not of Silesia. It is the 13th most populous city in Poland. It is the largest economic, cultural and administrative hub in the northern part of the Silesian Voivodeship.
The city of Czestochowa is known for the famous Pauline monastery of Jasna Góra, which is the home of the Black Madonna painting, a shrine to the Virgin Mary. Every year, millions of pilgrims from all over the world come to Czestochowa to see it.
Czestochowa is located in the Krakow-Czestochowa Upland. The average height of the upland is 350-450 m above sea level. Its main attraction is the Eagles' Nests Trail, the string of castles built on top of the nearby Jurassic rocks and hills, known as Olsztyn, Ogrodzieniec, Ojców and Pieskowa Skala. They once formed a line of fortifications together with Jasna Góra in Częstochowa, which was once a defensive point.